A quick ENSO update.
Meteorological agencies like NOAA use the sea surface temperature anomalies of the NINO3.4 region (5S-5N, 170W-120W) of the equatorial Pacific to determine if the tropical Pacific is experiencing El Niño, La Niña or ENSO neutral (not El Niño, not La Niña) conditions. Other agencies use the sea surface temperature data for the NINO3 region (5S-5N, 150W-90W). See the map on the NOAA webpage here for those locations.
Based NOAA’s weekly data for the NINO3.4 and NINO3 regions (data here), during the week centered on July 13, 2016, the sea surface temperature anomalies for both regions dropped to -0.6 deg C, which is a tick below the -0.5 deg C threshold of La Niña conditions. See Figures 1 and 2.
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