Featured Image -- 7013

Vast Lake of Molten Carbonate Discovered Under the Continental USA

Watts Up With That?

volcano-plume

Guest essay by Eric Worrall

Scientists have just discovered a 1.8 million square kilometre lake semi-molten carbonate (CO2) compounds under our feet – but still think the contribution of volcanoes to the annual CO2 emission budget is insignificant compared to human emissions.

Scientists uncover huge reservoir of melting carbon under Western United States

February 13, 2017

New research published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters describes how scientists have used the world’s largest array of seismic sensors to map a deep-Earth area of melting carbon covering 1.8 million square kilometres. Situated under the Western US, 350km beneath the Earth’s surface, the discovered melting region challenges accepted understanding of how much carbon the Earth contains – much more than previously understood.

“It would be impossible for us to drill far enough down to physically ‘see’ the Earth’s mantle, so using this massive group of sensors we have to paint a…

View original post 1,178 more words

Polar bear habitat update for Canada at mid-February

polarbearscience

Mid-February is the tail end of the winter fast for polar bears. Sea ice is approaching it’s maximum global extent but local maximum extents may vary. Most of the sea ice in Canada is locked in already but two regions still vary at this time of year: the Labrador Sea off Labrador and Newfoundland – where polar bears come to feed on an abundance of newborn harp seals – and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, where polar bears have not been spotted in more than 60 years. sea-ice-extent-canada-2017-feb-14_cis

There is almost certainly enough ice for harp seals to give birth in the Gulf this year, if the ice holds (despite some premature hand-wringingby seal biologists). There is more ice in the Gulf and off Newfoundland this year than there was in 2013 (see map below).
Compared to 2015 at this date, courtesy CIS:

sea-ice-extent-canada-2015-feb-14-cis

And to 2014, a couple of…

View original post 38 more words

Baffin Bay and Kane Basin polar bears not ‘declining’ concludes new report

polarbearscience

The 2016 Scientific Working Group report on Baffin Bay and Kane Basin polar bears was released online without fanfare last week, confirming what local Inuit have been saying for years: contrary to the assertions of Polar Bear Specialist Group scientists,Baffin Bay and Kane Basinsubpopulations have not been declining but are stable.

polar-bear-feeding_shutterstock_sm

Until recently, the Baffin Bay (BB) and Kane Basin (KB)polar bear subpopulations, that live between NW Greenland, and Baffin and Ellesmere Islands, were assessed with confidence by the IUCN Polar Bear Specialist Group (PBSG) to be declining due to suspected over-hunting (see 2016 Report, Ch. 1, pg. 4).

It turns out they were wrong.

map-baffinbay

New (2016) polar bear subpopulation estimates for BB and KB:

Baffin Bay 2,826 (95% CI = 2,059-3,593) at 2013

                  [vs. 1546 (95% CI = 690-2,402) expected 2004]

                  vs. 2,074 (95% CI = 1,553-2,595) in 1997

  Kane Basin

View original post 1,039 more words

California May Be Long Overdue For A Mega Flood(Updated 02-11-17)

Sierra Foothill Commentary

A story in the San Francisco Chronicle compares the current weather related flooding to the flooding of 1862  Paul Deanno writes:

. . . ] Over 100 years ago California was in the same boat, literally. The rain started to fall just before Christmas, and it didn’t let up for over 40 days. The Central Valley became a lake.

It was 1862. Leland Stanford was sworn in as California’s 8th governor. But he wouldn’t start his term in Sacramento because California’s capitol city, along with much of the state, was ten feet under water.

Geography Professor and Berkeley Researcher Dr. Lynn Ingram described the flood as ‘a major catastrophe.”

“You couldn’t walk around the streets. It was just people scrambling with row boats and little houses floating away and furniture and cows,” explained Ingram. “[Atmospheric rivers] can carry up to ten Mississippi rivers worth of water vapor from…

View original post 442 more words

New paper updates lack of trend in W Hudson Bay breakup/freeze-up dates to 2015

polarbearscience

A newly-published paper shows that there has been no trend in the time Western Hudson Bay polar bears spent onshore between 2001-2015 due to sea ice conditions at breakup or freeze-up (previously available to 2010 only), despite the marked decline of global sea ice since 2007.

castro-de-la-guardia-et-al-derocher-2017-fig-3-no-caption Figure 3 from Castro de la Guardia (2017) showing freeze-up and breakup dates and ice-free days 1979-2015 for Western Hudson Bay. Figure with caption is copied below, with explanation of symbols.

Previously, a 2007 paper by Eric Regehr and colleagues for WHB bears up to 2004, which was used to support the US bid to list polar bears as ‘threatened’ with extinction, concluded that between 1984 and 2003, bears were spending 3 weeks long onshore than they did in the 1980s.

The big news from Castro de la Guardia (2017) is that polar bears spent longer onshore from 1979-2015 by … 3 weeks…

View original post 1,140 more words

Featured Image -- 6990

Bespoke Climate Science: Temperature and CO2 Data Made to Order

Watts Up With That?

Guest opinion: Dr. Tim Ball

From the beginning, the pattern of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its proponents was to produce the science required for the political agenda. It began publicly with James Hansen providing the science Senator Timothy Wirth required for his 1988 Congressional Hearing. The entire process was set up to allow for the creation of bespoke science to determine the political decisions. The Conference of the Parties COP), the political agency acts on the faux science of the Summary for Policymakers, which is released before the Physical Science Basis. Therefore, when the emails were leaked from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) just before COP 15, they had to abandon the Kyoto Protocol.

The revelation by Dr. John Bates that the “pause-busting” graph produced by NOAA was manipulated was no surprise. It was just another piece of bespoke science produced to push forward the…

View original post 3,022 more words